Today we are going to talk about History Of Skoda. Skoda, the Czech automobile manufacturer, has a rich and complex history that spans over a century. From its humble beginnings as a bicycle manufacturer in the late 1800s, Skoda evolved into a major player in the automotive industry, only to face near extinction during the turbulent times of World War II and the subsequent Soviet occupation.
History of Skoda: From Humble Beginnings to Automotive Excellence
1894 – 1900 A bicycle and motorcycle builder
The story of Mladá Boleslav begins in 1894 when the bookseller Vaclav Klement buys a bicycle from Mr Klihovcova. The vehicle needs technical assistance soon, so he wrote a letter in Czech to the company’s Dresden Seidel & Naumann division in Útsí nad Laben. Several days later, he receives his letter with an annotation in which he is asked to translate it into an intelligible language.
Faced with this situation, Klement decides to set up his own company to prevent the same thing from happening to the rest of his compatriots. With the help of its partner, the mechanic Vaclav Laurin, the Laurin & Klement company began the production of bicycles in less than a year, which achieved immediate success. The model name is “Slavia”. Shortly after, after a trip by Klement to Paris from which he returned with a Werner Bros motorcycle,
1901 – 1910 The first automobile
With the arrival of the new century, Laurin & Klement began the manufacture of automobiles. The first three-wheeler with a motor arrived in 1904. A year later, series production began. The car, baptized as Voitturetta, bears the initials L&K and the laurel of victory on its front (by Klement’s express wish); Its 4-stroke, 1,000 cc, 7-hp, 4-stroke petrol engine reaches 40 km / h.
From this moment on, the Mladá Boleslav plant experiences rapid success thanks to its attractive cars, the style and quality they reflect and the great price they can be purchased. This growth meant that in 1907 Laurin & Klement ceased to be a family business to become a joint-stock company.
1911 – 1920 After the war, growth continues
Laurin and Klement enter the world of racing from the beginning to show the potential of their cars: victories come quickly. Meanwhile, young serial productions are in the background (1912). The limited construction of private and exclusive vehicles prevails, such as the Faeton, an elegant sports car finished in wood that reaches 80 km / h.
The brand continued its expansion, and in 1914 it became the largest automobile producer in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The outbreak of the First World War affected production considerably, as Laurin and Klement had to adapt to the army’s needs. Despite this, it has sufficient capacity to respond to the market: it produces light and luxury commercial vehicles after the conflict. In addition,
1921 – 1930 Merger with Skoda in Pilsen
The economic pressure of the mid-1920s was followed by a market and sales crisis. This depression means that the Mladá Boleslav industry merged in 1925 with Skoda Co., another vital company in Pilsen. Starting this year, the new company adopts the name it has come to today, Skoda.
1931 – 1940 Changes in the production system
At the end of 1933, the first Czech 600i began to be produced, called Type 420.
This model represents a change in production methods favouring vehicles for the mass masses and once again marks the path of success for Skoda. A year later, the Popular was launched, a car that became known throughout the world quickly.
It has a front-engine, rear gearbox and a completely innovative line. But it is not all good news: the outbreak of World War II at the end of this decade causes a new shift in productivity targets; the only alternative is to satisfy military needs.
1941 – 1950 Nationalization
The brand suffered doubly from the Second World War (1939-1945): the German occupation forced Skoda to integrate itself into the industrial structure of the Third Reich; on the other hand, his factory was hit by a bomb on May 9, 1945. The end of the conflict, however, brought new changes.
Immersed in a large-scale nationalization process, Skoda became a national company called AZNP (1946) and seized the monopoly of automobile production in Czechoslovakia. Also, on this date begins the production of the Skoda Type 1101.
1951 – 1960 Intervened economy
Traditional production processes and past successes are the foundation of the Czechoslovak economy, which maintains relatively good levels of development during this decade despite excessive efforts at rapid growth and changes brought about by the nationalization of the industry. During these years, new models appear, such as the Octavia.
1961 – 1970 Isolation of Western Europe
The lifting of the Berlin Wall (1961) causes the political and economic isolation of Eastern Europe. Despite this, domestic production continues to grow.
In the following years, the Skoda 440 was launched, a source of inspiration for later models and the two great successes of this era: the Felicia and the Octavia. The new and modern plant in Mladá Boleslav began operating on April 1, 1964, when 120,000 units were produced.
The first model manufactured in it is the S 1000 MB. In 1969 it was followed by the Skoda 100 and 110. Despite this growth, the technological development of Western Europe made the model adopted in the eastern countries begin to be questioned.
1971 – 1980 Leader in a stagnant market
Skoda maintains its leadership in the Eastern European market. In August 1973, it produced the “one million” car, and three years later, it began mass production of the new 105, 120 and 130 models. Despite this, the 1970s confirmed the economic stagnation of the area.
The brand is one more victim of the events after the Second World War: for years, it has no choice but to focus on the domestic market while the West moves towards a significant global market economy.
1981 – 1990 The arrival of Volkswagen
Skoda began developing a front-engined and front-wheel-drive car in the early 1980s. Bertone, the famous Italian designer, collaborates in shaping the bodywork.
The model, called Favorit, began to be produced in series in 1987. This fact enables the Czech brand to regain its leading role in the market.
At the end of the decade, the political changes of 1989 and the new market economy caused the Czechoslovak government and those responsible for Skoda to start looking for a solid foreign partner that would guarantee the international competitiveness of the brand in the long term.
Finally, in December 1990, it was decided that the German group Volkswagen would be the travelling companion.
1991 – 2000 Skoda gets modernized
After the political changes of 1989 and given the new market economy of the Czech Republic, Skoda began to look for a robust foreign partner whose experience and investments would be able to ensure the long-term international competitiveness of the company.
In December 1990, Skoda decided to cooperate with the German Volkswagen Group, becoming the fourth brand of the Volkswagen Group, with VW, Audi and Seat.
The progress continues. Due to this cooperation and new economic thinking, Skoda carries out significant modernization measures and extensive renovations in management, marketing, product development and manufacturing processes.
The result is Felicia, a very competitive model in the international market. Other successful models follow the Octavia, the Fabia, and the company’s pride, the Skoda Superb.
The political changes of 1989 give way to a new economic and commercial reality. The market liberalization trend prompts Skoda to start looking, once again, for a strong partner abroad to modernize and invest in the future.
On April 16, 1991, Skoda started its activity as the fourth subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group together with VW, Audi and SEAT. Quality, comfort and safety become essential values for the company.
The progress continues. Due to the union with the Volkswagen Group and the new economic thinking, Skoda carries out necessary modernization measures. The result is Felicia, the first joint project of the two brands.
A model is capable of withstanding global competition and of which more than a million copies had already been sold in 1996.
Skoda launches an innovative racing model, thus starting a new chapter in the Skoda Motor Sport Team history. The first car made with a Volkswagen platform and engines appears, the Octavia, aimed at the middle class.
Between 1997 and 2000, more than 4,000 Skoda Felicia Fun were manufactured, a vehicle created for leisure time and based on the Felicia pick-up model.
The Felicia becomes the most popular model, while other customers await the launch of the new compact, the Fabia. The successor to Felicia was finally introduced in 1999. It is a compact vehicle that is given the name Skoda Fabia.
At first, the Fabia is equipped with 1.4 MPI / 50 kW engines, 1, 4 16V / 74 kW and 1.9 kW SDI / 47. Today the range of engines is much more comprehensive. Skoda sells a total of 385,330 units, 6% more than in the previous year. In 1994 37% of the production was exported.
In 1999, just 5 years later, exports already represented 80% of the total output. The Octavia and Fabia models are the first to make their way into the problematic European market.
The image of the brand in Western Europe improves significantly. Skoda enters the UK with the campaign, “It is a Skoda, honest”, the beginning of a very successful advertising line. New versions of the Fabia are released, such as the Fabia Combi.
The most luxurious of the new models are born, the Skoda Superb. The new Octavia receives, thanks to its qualities,
2001 – 2010 The range of models gains in variety and quality
Skoda sells 30,000 units a year in the United Kingdom and has a waiting list to purchase its cars.
Take part in the Skoda Fabia WRC for the first time in the World Rally Championship. Skoda launches its new model, the Roomster, a clear reflection of future trends. In September, they introduced a new concept car, the Joyster.
In 2007 Skoda launched the new Skoda Fabia and a new model of the Skoda Octavia, the Scout. A robust vehicle with an aerodynamic design, created especially for adventure. The long-awaited launch of the new Skoda Superb is here, Skoda’s high-end saloon that takes a step towards superb.
As elegant as it is practical, as practical as it is elegant. The Skoda range is expanded with the launch of the Yeti, the brand’s fifth model.
It is a compact SUV with TDI and TSI engines with the latest technology and an available front-drive or 4×4 with a fourth-generation Haldex clutch.
The Superb Combi, the family version of the brand’s flagship, and the RS and Scout versions of the Octavia range also began to be marketed.
At the beginning of 2010, the new Fabia and Roomster were presented with aesthetic changes and a complete new range of engines. Latest generation TDI and TSI.
In addition, the Fabia range brings back the sports version: the Fabia RS with a 180 hp 1.4 TSI engine and seven-speed DSG gearbox.
Skoda presents the second generation of the GreenLine range of models with low consumption and emissions thanks to its standard rail TDI engines, Start-stop system, braking energy recovery system,